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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-17

Medical comorbidity in in-patients with psychiatric disorder


Department of Psychiatry, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
P John Mathai
Department of Psychiatry, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: Indian council of medical research-short term research support for undergraduates, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-9727.112264

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Objective: To study the prevalence of concurrent medical comorbidity in patients admitted with psychiatric disorders. Materials and Methods: One hundred patients with psychiatric disorders admitted to the general wards of the Department of Psychiatry, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore were assessed for evidence of concurrent medical comorbidity. The assessment included clinical examination and investigations. Results: 49% of in-patients with psychiatric disorders had medical comorbidity. 26% of patients with bipolar disorder, 13% of patients with schizophrenia and 8% of patients with depressive disorders had medical comorbidity. Diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, and hypertension were the most common medical comorbidity. The medical comorbidity was not related to any of the socio-demographic variables. The medical comorbidity was not related to the clinical variables such as duration, age of onset of the psychiatric disorders. The medical comorbidity was significantly more in patients with bipolar mood disorder. Conclusions: 49% of in-patients with psychiatric disorders have concurrent medical comorbidity. Diabetes mellitus is the most common medical comorbidity. The present investigation is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional clinical study. It has certain merits and limitations. Future studies with more refined methodology are required to draw definite conclusions.


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