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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 39-42

Practices related to delivery and antenatal care among females in rural block of Haryana, India


Department of Community Medicine, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Meely Panda
Department of Community Medicine, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak - 124 001, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-9727.128943

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Objectives: The objective of this study was to find out practices related to delivery and antenatal care (ANC) among a group of females in a rural block of Haryana. Materials and Methods: We conducted a study in the block Lakhanmajra, which is a rural field practice area attached to Department of Community Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak. A total of 210 study subjects were selected out of a cluster sampling and they were interviewed by a pre-tested, semi structured schedule. Results: It was found that only 72% of females received ANC. Tetanus coverage was 95.7% and 4.3% females did not receive even a single dose of tetanus toxoid. More than half of the subjects (55%) were not consuming adequate number of iron folic acid tablets. Almost 24.7% deliveries were conducted at home and nearly 50% of deliveries were in government facility. Still 4.7% deliveries were attended by untrained persons. Conclusion: Uptake of the services provided is far from universal even in settings where they are widely available. Utilization of ANC services and promotion of institutional deliveries should be increased by enhancing awareness among females, ensuring availability of health staff, improving the quality of services in government setups and training of the entire untrained traditional birth attendant. ANC plays a critical role in preparing a woman and her family for child birth by establishing confidence between the woman and her health care provider.


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