|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2016 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 154-155
Knowledge and awareness of diabetes among diabetic patients in hilly terrains of Mandi district, Himachal Pradesh
Rohit Sharma1, Hetal Amin2, Pradeep Kumar Prajapati3
1 Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Abhilashi Ayurvedic College and Research Institute, Abhilashi University, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Basic Principles, Parul Institute of Ayurveda, Vadodara, India
3 Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, IPGT and RA, GAU, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
|Date of Web Publication||30-Jun-2016|
Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Abhilashi Ayurvedic College and Research Institute, Abhilashi University, Chail Chowk, Mandi - 175 028, Himachal Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Sharma R, Amin H, Prajapati PK. Knowledge and awareness of diabetes among diabetic patients in hilly terrains of Mandi district, Himachal Pradesh. Muller J Med Sci Res 2016;7:154-5
|How to cite this URL:|
Sharma R, Amin H, Prajapati PK. Knowledge and awareness of diabetes among diabetic patients in hilly terrains of Mandi district, Himachal Pradesh. Muller J Med Sci Res [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Oct 16];7:154-5. Available from: http://www.mjmsr.net/text.asp?2016/7/2/154/185022
Earlier reports in Mandi region, Himachal Pradesh, revealed that the obese diabetics have dyslipidemia and are at higher risk to develop cardiovascular diseases.  Further, a cross-sectional survey was conducted on randomly selected 330 type 2 diabetic patients (aged ≥40 years) of same region, attending the outpatient department of Abhilashi University hospitals from January 1, 2015, to March 20, 2015. Among 330 patients, urban = 197 (59.70%), rural = 133 (40.30%) and females = 182 (55.15%), males = 148 (44.85%). Mean age for females and males was 44.6 ± 10.12 years and 43.5 ± 11.2 years, respectively. Step-1 (knowledge and sign and symptoms) and Step-2 (awareness) questionnaire was followed.
Results on the basis of knowledge and awareness questionnaire include 52.44% (P < 0.05) urban and 39.87% rural people knew that diabetes is a metabolic disorder. 51.33% (t = 1.765, P < 0.05) urban and 28.44% rural people knew the symptoms. 56.18% (t = 1.786, P < 0.05) urban and 31.25% rural people were aware about causative factors of diabetes. 63.25% (t = 1.814, P < 0.05) urban and 48.18% rural population accepted sedentary lifestyle as main cause. 64.22% (t = 1.857, P < 0.05) urban and 37.27% rural population aware that obesity can cause diabetes. 71.36% (t = 1.903, P < 0.05) urban and 35.10% rural population familiar about ranges about blood sugar levels. Only 36.11% urban and 20.54% rural population had knowledge of risk factors for diabetes. 64.31% (t = 1.850, P < 0.05) urban and 26.30% rural population has family history as the main risk factor. 50.87% (t = 1.760, P < 0.05) urban and 33.75% rural population aware that diabetes can cause complications in other organs. 72.63% (t = 1.910, P < 0.05) urban and 39.34% rural population aware about impact of diet and exercise plan to manage the disease. 61.45% (t = 1.801, P < 0.05) urban and 31.24% rural agreed that diabetes can be prevented if necessarily care is taken. 67.18% (t = 1.881, P < 0.05) urban and 29.10% rural population was obese. 83.71% (t = 1.947, P < 0.05) urban and 58.05% rural population consider cardiovascular as major complication. Few observations made on studied subjects were as follows. 64.66% urban and 73.14% (t = 1.925, P < 0.05) rural population suffers from retinopathy. 48.35% urban and 41.12% rural suffer from nephropathy. 22.06% rural, 8.58% urban population suffers from foot ulcers. 49.88% urban and 33.51% rural population was having memory impairment in diabetes. In 57.17% (t = 1.793, P < 0.05) urban and 28.15% rural population sedentary lifestyle was found.
Although the survey was of small sample size, the findings reflect the poor knowledge and awareness of diabetes in studied population, mainly in rural areas. The present report is expected to wake up the concerned authorities for better implementation of health-care services in their respective areas. Direct public awareness, suitable dietary and lifestyle education, and mass media campaigns can improve the awareness about diabetes and its complications even in remote geographical regions. ,,
Financial support and sponsorship
Abhilashi University, Chail Chowk, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh.
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Sharma R, Amin H, Prajapati PK. Comparative lipid profile of type 2 obese diabetics and obese non-diabetics: A hospital based study from hilly terrains of Mandi, Himachal Pradesh. Int J Health Allied Sci 2016;5:63-4.
Sharma R, Prajapati PK. Rising risk of type 2 diabetes among inhabitants of Jamnagar, Gujarat: A cross-sectional survey. Ayu 2015;36:10-7.
Sharma R, Prajapati PK. Diet and lifestyle guideline for diabetes: Evidence based ayurvedic perspective. Rom J Diabetes Nutr Metab Dis 2014;21:335-46.
Sharma R, Amin H, Prajapati PK. Yoga: As an adjunct therapy to trim down the Ayurvedic drug requirement in non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Anc Sci Life 2014;33:229-35.