Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research

: 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 104--105

Synbone®: An effective tool in undergraduate teaching of fracture pattern and management

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu 
 Department of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu
Department of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Haldwani - 263 139, Uttarakhand

How to cite this article:
Dharmshaktu GS. Synbone®: An effective tool in undergraduate teaching of fracture pattern and management.Muller J Med Sci Res 2017;8:104-105

How to cite this URL:
Dharmshaktu GS. Synbone®: An effective tool in undergraduate teaching of fracture pattern and management. Muller J Med Sci Res [serial online] 2017 [cited 2022 Jun 25 ];8:104-105
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Dear Editor,

The understanding of skeletal fractures require three-dimensional knowledge of bone anatomy and spatial orientation of fracture lines which proves to be complex in initial undergraduate stage. Learning through virtual medium is good alternative to improve the knowledge, but real hands-on training is the best means to achieve it. Synbone® models are readily available models of various bones which may act as good tools in fracture training. Models with various fracture patterns are available or one may fracture the bone according to the requirement to demonstrate particular fracture type. Besides it, treatment of fracture can also be taught by introduction of common implants such as Kirschner wires and screws.

These models have widely been used in fracture care related workshops as saw bone models for hands-on training of principles and management of particular fracture. These have also been used in various research works regarding implant performance and behavior.[1],[2] Complex anatomical regions such as pelvis or spine are better understood with these objects.

We have used various models of forearm, humerus, pelvic models (Synbone 6501, 5012, Switzerland) in demonstrating the fracture patterns and treatment modalities of osteosynthesis. TThe models were displayed initially with only fractures without fixation [Figure 1] and [Figure 2]a and later fixed with relevant basic implants such as screws and Kirschner wires [Figure 2]b. The response has been positive to prescribe the methodology to others as this is good adjunct to conventional teaching.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}

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1Wang JQ, Zhao CP, Su YG, Zhou L, Hu L, Wang TM, et al. Computer-assisted navigation systems for insertion of cannulated screws in femoral neck fractures: A comparison of bi-planar robot navigation with optoelectronic navigation in a Synbone hip model trial. Chin Med J (Engl) 2011;124:3906-11.
2Ozkan K, Türkmen I, Sahin A, Yildiz Y, Erturk S, Soylemez MS. A biomechanical comparison of proximal femoral nails and locking proximal anatomic femoral plates in femoral fracture fixation: A study on synthetic bones. Indian J Orthop 2015;49:347-51.